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Characteristics of Virginia farmers participating in a NIOSH CROPS demonstration project.

Authors
Hard-DL; McKenzie-EA; Cantis-D; Maass-J; Stone-B
Source
International Society for Agricultural Safety and Health (ISASH) Annual Conference, June 25-28, 2012, Burlington, Vermont. Urbana, IL: International Society for Agricultural Safety and Health (ISASH), 2012 Jun; :26
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20043511
Abstract
Purpose/Objective: Determine barriers and factors to persuade farmers to retrofit cost-effective roll over protective structures (CROPS). Assess whether NIOSH designed CROPS could be successfully and repeatedly installed in the field by farm tractor owner/operators. Methods/Efforts: NIOSH designed and tested three cost-effective roll over protective structures (CROPS) for 4 tractor models: Ford 8N, Massey Fergusan (MY) 135, Ford 300 and Ford 4000 series model tractors. Twenty-five farm tractor owner/operators who had one of these tractors in VA were recruited through the efforts of the VA Farm Bureau Safety Program to demonstrate retrofitting a NIOSH-designed CROPS. The VA Farm Bureau Safety group scheduled the times and dates for the demonstration retrofits. These farmers were encouraged to recruit 4-6 additional observers to watch the retrofit process. In addition, they were asked to complete a survey with questions on why they hadn't retrofitted their tractor with a ROPS along with demographic questions. NIOSH personnel were on-site and available to assist in the installation process and supply tools if needed. Results/Findings: The majority of the farm tractor owner/operator demonstrators had Ford 3000 tractors (60%) which were retrofitted with a CROPS. Tractor age ranged from 1952 to 1977 (59-34 years old). All farmer demonstrators were male and their ages ranged from 32 to 83 years old; the size of farm ranged from 5-1500 acres. By participating in the NIOSH CROPS retrofitting project, seven farmers (28%) were able to have all their tractors protected with a ROPS thereby greatly reducing their risk of death or injury from a tractor roll over. Four farmers indicated they had youth 18 years of age or younger operating tractors on their farms for a total of six children whose ages ranged from seven to sixteen. One of these four farms had all their tractors protected with a ROPS. Farmer demonstrators were asked to rank order barriers indicating why they hadn't previously retrofitted their tractor with a ROPS. Cost was listed as being the most important reason followed by ROPS not available. Application to Field/Research: Cost is still an important factor for why farmers do not retrofit ROPS on their tractors, along with a ROPS not being available and it being a hassle to find a ROPS that will fit their tractor(s). Finding ways to address these concerns are important in order to increase the number of tractors with ROPS in the U.S.
Keywords
Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-machinery; Agricultural-workers; Farmers; Tractors; Demographic-characteristics; Surveillance
Publication Date
20120625
Document Type
Abstract
Fiscal Year
2012
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
NIOSH Division
DSR
Priority Area
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing
Source Name
International Society for Agricultural Safety and Health (ISASH) Annual Conference, June 25-28, 2012, Burlington, Vermont
State
WV; VT
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