Workplace mistreatment and sickness absenteeism from work: results from the 2010 National Health Interview survey.
Asfaw-AG; Chang-CC; Ray-TK
Am J Ind Med 2014 Feb; 57(2):202-213
Objective: This study examined the association between workplace mistreatment and occurrence, duration, and costs of sickness absenteeism. Methods: We used the 2010 National Health Interview Survey and considered 13,807 employed adult respondents. We used a zero-inflated negative binomial (zinb) model to examine the association between exposure to workplace mistreatment and the occurrence and number of workdays missed due to illness/injury in the preceding 12 months. Results: In 2010, 7.6% of US workers employed at the time of the survey reported having been mistreated at their workplace. Both occurrence and duration of sickness absence were higher for mistreated than for non-mistreated workers. The zinb results showed that being mistreated was associated with a 42% increase in the number of missed workdays, controlling for covariates. The marginal effect analysis showed that lost workdays differed by 2.45 days between mistreated and non-mistreated workers. This implies that workplace mistreatment was associated with $4.1 billion, or 5.5%, of sickness absenteeism costs in 2010. Conclusions: Workplace mistreatment is associated with sickness absence in the United States. While a causal relationship could not be established due to the cross-sectional design of the study, this study reveals the economic importance of developing workplace mistreatment prevention strategies.
Workers; Worker-health; Worker-motivation; Work-environment; Lost-work-days; Behavior; Job-stress; Absenteeism; Mental-health; Psychological-effects; Psychological-reactions; Psychological-stress; Health-surveys; Mathematical-models; Statistical-analysis; Sociological-factors; Emotional-stress;
Author Keywords: count data models; NHIS; sickness absenteeism; workplace mistreatment
Abay Asfaw, PhD, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Office of the Director, 395 E-Street, SW, Washington, DC 20201
American Journal of Industrial Medicine