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Using contextual design techniques to identify work Task problems in dynamic work environments - a field study of Isolating safety challenges for small builders.

Authors
Hung-Y-H; Winchester-WW III
Source
Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 52nd Annual Meeting, September 22-26, 2008, New York, New York. Santa Monica, CA: Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 2008 Sep; 52(21):1718-1722
NIOSHTIC No.
20043269
Abstract
Contextual Design (CD) is a structured method for collecting, interpreting and aggregating qualitative data about work processes and is typically used for creating software that addresses user's needs of a particular task in static indoor environments. In this paper, we discuss the use of CD techniques - Contextual Inquiry and Work Modeling, to identify work task problems commonly existing across tasks in dynamic work environments. We also describe a field study that makes use of the CD techniques to isolate safety challenges - the most cited universal problem in the construction industry - for small builders. Six contractors participated in the study. Critical safety incidents of the observed construction tasks were utilized to identify safety challenges. The contextual interview data were integrated to form consolidated work models, each of which captured, from differing perspectives, the safety challenges of small builders. The insights could not only help construction stakeholders identify possible safety interventions in preventing accidents and/or injuries, but also aid in guiding the selection of appropriate interventions for implementation. The results of the field study provide evidence of CD as a descriptive research technique to identify engineering or administrative solutions to work task problems not only in static but also in dynamic work environments.
Keywords
Construction; Work-environment; Models; Indoor-environmental-quality; Safety-programs; Safety-practices; Safety-measures; Safety-education; Questionnaires; Workers; Injuries
Contact
Yu-Hsiu Hung, Industrial and Systems Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, 24061
CODEN
PHFSDQ
Publication Date
20080901
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2008
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISBN No.
9781605606859
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U19-OH-008308
Issue of Publication
21
ISSN
1071-1813
Source Name
Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 52nd Annual Meeting
State
VA
Performing Organization
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
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