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Joint effects between five identified risk variants, allergy, and autoimmune conditions on glioma risk.

Authors
Safaeian-M; Rajaraman-P; Hartge-P; Yeager-M; Linet-M; Butler-MA; Ruder-AM; Purdue-MP; Hsing-A; Beane-Freeman-L; Hoppin-JA; Albanes-D; Weinstein-SJ; Inskip-PD; Brenner-A; Rothman-N; Chatterjee-N; Gillanders-EM; Chanock-SJ; Wang-SS
Source
Cancer Causes Control 2013 Oct; 24(10:1885-1891
NIOSHTIC No.
20043240
Abstract
Common variants in two of the five genetic regions recently identified from genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of risk of glioma were reported to interact with a history of allergic symptoms. In a pooled analysis of five epidemiologic studies, we evaluated the association between the five GWAS implicated gene variants and allergies and autoimmune conditions (AIC) on glioma risk (851 adult glioma cases and 3,977 controls). We further evaluated the joint effects between allergies and AIC and these gene variants on glioma risk. Risk estimates were calculated as odds ratios (OR) and 95 % confidence intervals (95 % CI), adjusted for age, gender, and study. Joint effects were evaluated by conducting stratified analyses whereby the risk associations (OR and 95 % CI) with the allergy or autoimmune conditions for glioma were evaluated by the presence or absence of the 'at-risk' variant, and estimated p interaction by fitting models with the main effects of allergy or autoimmune conditions and genotype and an interaction (product) term between them. Four of the five SNPs previously reported by others were statistically significantly associated with increased risk of glioma in our study (rs2736100, rs4295627, rs4977756, and rs6010620); rs498872 was not associated with glioma in our study. Reporting any allergies or AIC was associated with reduced risks of glioma (allergy: adjusted OR = 0.71, 95 % CI 0.55-0.91; AIC: adjusted OR = 0.65, 95 % CI 0.47-0.90). We did not observe differential association between allergic or autoimmune conditions and glioma by genotype, and there were no statistically significant p interactions. Stratified analysis by glioma grade (low and high grade) did not suggest risk differences by disease grade. Our results do not provide evidence that allergies or AIC modulate the association between the four GWAS-identified SNPs examined and risk of glioma.
Keywords
Genetics; Risk-factors; Allergies; Allergic-reactions; Epidemiology; Autoimmunity; Analytical-processes; Statistical-analysis; Models; Author Keywords: Single-nucleotide polymorphisms; Glioma; Allergies; Autoimmune conditions; Gene-environment interaction
Contact
Mahboobeh Safaeian, Infections and Immunoepidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, 6120 Executive Blvd, Room 7086, Rockville, MD 20852-7234
CODEN
CCCNEN
Publication Date
20131001
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
safaeianm@mail.nih.gov
Fiscal Year
2014
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
M102013
Issue of Publication
10
ISSN
0957-5243
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS; DART
Source Name
Cancer Causes and Control
State
MD; GA; OH; NC; CA
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