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Diseases attributable to asbestos exposure: years of potential life lost, United States, 1999-2010.

Authors
Bang-KM; Mazurek-JM; Wood-JM; Hendricks-SA
Source
Am J Ind Med 2014 Jan; 57(1):38-48
NIOSHTIC No.
20043226
Abstract
Background: Although asbestos use has been restricted in recent decades, asbestos-associated deaths continue to occur in the United States. Objectives: We evaluated premature mortality and loss of potentially productive years of life attributable to asbestos-associated diseases. Methods: Using 1999-2010 National Center for Health Statistics mortality data, we identified decedents aged > / = 25 years whose death certificate listed asbestosis and malignant mesothelioma as the underlying cause of death. We computed years of potential life lost to life expectancy (YPLL) and to age 65 (YPLL65). Results: During 1999-2010, a total of 427,005 YPLL and 55,184 YPLL65) were attributed to asbestosis (56,907 YPLL and 2,167 YPLL65), malignant mesothelioma (370,098 YPPL and 53,017 YPLL65). Overall and disease-specific asbestos-attributable total YPLL and YPLL65 and median YPLL and YPLL65 per decedent did not change significantly from 1999 to 2010. Conclusions: The continuing occurrence of asbestos-associated diseases and their substantial premature mortality burden underscore the need for maintaining prevention efforts and for ongoing surveillance to monitor temporal trends in these diseases.
Keywords
Diseases; Occupational-diseases; Asbestosis; Asbestos-cement; Asbestos-dust; Asbestos-fibers; Asbestos-industry; Asbestos-mining; Asbestos-products; Asbestos-removal; Asbestos-workers; Lifespan; Occupational-exposure; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Respiratory-system-disorders; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Lung-disorders; Lung-cancer; Mesothelial-cells; Malignant-neoplasms; Statistical-analysis; Surveillance-programs; Medical-monitoring; Author Keywords: years of potential life lost; mortality; asbestos; asbestosis; malignant mesothelioma; lung cancer
Contact
Ki Moon Bang, PhD, MPH, Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Mailstop H-G900.2, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505
CODEN
AJIMD8
Publication Date
20140101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
kmb2@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2014
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
M102013
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
0271-3586
NIOSH Division
DRDS
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
WV
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