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Ultrasound for carpal tunnel syndrome screening in manual laborers.

Authors
Cartwright-MS; Walker-FO; Blocker-JN; Schulz-MR; Arcury-TA; Grzywacz-JG; Mora-D; Chen-H; Marín-AJ; Quandt-SA
Source
Muscle Nerve 2013 Jul; 48(1):127-131
NIOSHTIC No.
20043128
Abstract
INTRODUCTION: Manual laborers are at increased risk for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), and a combination of history, physical examination, and nerve conduction studies is often used to screen for CTS in this population. Neuromuscular ultrasound may be a better screening tool, because it is painless. In this study we compare the accuracy of nerve conduction studies and ultrasound for CTS screening. METHODS: Five hundred thirteen manual laborers were screened prospectively for CTS using nerve conduction studies and neuromuscular ultrasound, and the accuracy of the 2 techniques was compared using the Katz hand diagram as the diagnostic standard. RESULTS: The ROC curves for the 2 techniques were not significantly different (P = 0.542), indicating that the approaches had similar diagnostic accuracy. CONCLUSIONS: Neuromuscular ultrasound is a painless technique that has diagnostic accuracy similar to nerve conduction studies and can be used to screen large populations at risk for CTS.
Keywords
Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Carpal-tunnel-syndrome; Ultrasound; Medical-screening; Medical-equipment; Diagnostic-techniques; Nerve-damage; Neurophysiology; Clinical-techniques; Neuromuscular-system; Neuromuscular-function; Equipment-reliabilit; Manual-materials-handling; Workers; Author Keywords: accuracy; carpal tunnel syndrome; clinical neurophysiology; screening test; ultrasound
Contact
M.S. Cartwright, MD, MS, Department of Neurology, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Main Floor Reynolds Tower, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA
CODEN
MUNEDE
Publication Date
20130701
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
mcartwri@wakehealth.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2013
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-009251; M102013
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
0148-639X
Source Name
Muscle & Nerve
State
NC
Performing Organization
Wake Forest University Health Sciences - Winston-Salem, North Carolina
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