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Posttraumatic stress symptomatology among emergency department workers following workplace aggression.

Authors
Gillespie-GL; Bresler-S; Gates-DM; Succop-P
Source
Workplace Health Saf 2013 Jun; 61(6):247-254
NIOSHTIC No.
20043081
Abstract
Workplace aggression has the potential to adversely affect the psychological health of emergency department (ED) workers. The purpose of this study was to compare posttraumatic stress symptomatology based on verbal and verbal plus physical aggression. A descriptive cross-sectional design was used with a convenience sample (n = 208) of ED workers who completed a three-component survey. Descriptive statistics were computed to compare traumatic stress scores based on type of aggression. Two-way analysis of variance statistics were computed to determine if scores differed on the demographic variables. Fewer than half of the ED workers reported traumatic stress symptomatology; however, workplace aggression has the potential to adversely affect the mental health of ED workers. Occupational health nurses can establish or maintain a nurturing and protective environment open to discussing the personal thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of ED workers related to their experiences of workplace aggression. This open and more positive work environment may aid in reducing the negative impact of posttraumatic stress symptoms among those ED workers who have been victimized.
Keywords
Humans; Men; Women; Age-groups; Statistical-analysis; Epidemiology; Workers; Work-environment; Force; Psychological-stress; Psychology; Psychological-effects; Medical-personnel; Mental-health; Risk-factors; Exposure-levels; Medical-facilities
Contact
Gordon Lee Gillespie, PhD, RN, FAEN, Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, University of Cincinnati, P.O. Box 21-0038, Cincinnati, OH 45014-2401
Publication Date
20130601
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
gordon.gillespie@uc.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2013
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-009544; M082013
Issue of Publication
6
ISSN
2165-0799
Source Name
Workplace Health & Safety
State
OH
Performing Organization
University of Cincinnati
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