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Occupational health outcomes for workers in the Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing Sector: implications for immigrant workers in the Southeastern US.

Authors
Quandt-SA; Kucera-KL; Haynes-C; Klein-BG; Langley-R; Agnew-M; Levin-JL; Howard-T; Nussbaum-MA
Source
Am J Ind Med 2013 Aug; 56(8):940-959
NIOSHTIC No.
20042972
Abstract
Background: Workers in the Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries (AgFF) Sector experience exposures directly related to the work itself, as well as the physical environment in which the work occurs. Health outcomes vary from immediate to delayed, and from acute to chronic. Methods: We reviewed existing literature on the health outcomes of work in the AgFF sector and identified areas where further research is needed to understand the impact of these exposures on immigrant Latino workers in the southeastern US. Results: Outcomes related to specific body systems (e.g., musculoskeletal, respiratory) as well as particular exposure sources (e.g., pesticides, noise) were reviewed. The most extensive evidence exists for agriculture, with a particular focus on chemical exposures. Little research in the southeastern US has examined health outcomes of exposures of immigrant workers in forestry or fisheries. Conclusion: As the AgFF labor force includes a growing number of Latino immigrants, more research is needed to characterize a broad range of exposures and health outcomes experienced by this population, particularly in forestry and fisheries.
Keywords
Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-workers; Agriculture; Fishing-industry; Forestry; Forestry-workers; Racial-factors; Worker-health; Occupational-health; Occupational-exposure; Work-environment; Outdoors; Employee-exposure; Physical-properties; Environmental-exposure; Environmental-hazards; Health-care; Medical-treatment; Safety-research; Medical-research; Agricultural-chemicals; Pesticides-and-agricultural-chemicals; Author Keywords: immigrant; agriculture
Contact
Sara A. Quandt, PhD, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences,Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC 27157
CODEN
AJIMD8
Publication Date
20130801
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
squandt@wakehealth.edu
Funding Amount
20000
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2013
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R13-OH-009744; B20130805
Issue of Publication
8
ISSN
0271-3586
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
NC; VA; TX
Performing Organization
Wake Forest University Health Sciences - Winston-Salem, North Carolina
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