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Fatalities due to dichloromethane in paint strippers: a continuing problem.

Authors
MacIsaac-J; Harrison-R; Krishnaswami-J; McNary-J; Suchard-J; Boysen-Osborn-M; Cierpich-H; Styles-L; Shusterman-D
Source
Am J Ind Med 2013 Aug; 56(8):907-910
NIOSHTIC No.
20042969
Abstract
Background: Exposure to dichloromethane (DCM or methylene chloride - CH2Cl2) in paint strippers continues to be an avoidable source of morbidity and mortality. DCM has been under regulatory scrutiny by occupational and consumer product agencies since the identification of its carcinogenicity in the mid-1980s. Methods: We investigated two independent workplace incidents that resulted in three cases of DCM intoxication from paint stripper use. Results: Each incident investigated resulted in a fatality. A third worker suffered obtundation requiring hospitalization and intubation. Conclusions: The continued occurrence of fatalities and other serious injuries due to DCM-containing paint strippers in the United States calls for a re-evaluation of existing regulatory strategies.
Keywords
Employee-exposure; Methanes; Methyl-compounds; Chlorides; Paint-removers; Paints; Morbidity-rates; Mortality-rates; Carcinogens; Carcinogenicity; Workplace-studies; Intoxication; Case-studies; Regulations; Hazardous-materials; Toxic-materials; Chemical-properties; Confined-spaces; Solvents; Author Keywords: dichloromethane; methylene chloride; paint stripper; fatality; chlorinated solvent; asphyxia; confined space
Contact
Dennis Shusterman, MD, MPH, California Department of Public Health, Occupational Health Branch, 850 Marina Bay Parkway, Building P, 3rd Floor, Richmond, CA 94804-6403
CODEN
AJIMD8
CAS No.
75-09-2
Publication Date
20130801
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
dshuster@cdph.ca.gov
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2013
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-CCU-907284; B20130805
Issue of Publication
8
ISSN
0271-3586
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
CA
Performing Organization
Public Health Institute
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