Health Trak: a participatory model for intervention in construction.
Moir-S; Buchholz-B; Garrett-J
From Experience to Innovation. IEA'97, Vol. 6, Agriculture and Food Industry, Construction Work, Dental Work, Traffic Safety, Proceedings of the 13th Triennial Congress of the International Ergonomics Association, Tampere, Finland, June 29-July 4, 1997. Seppala P, Luopajarvi T, Nygard H, Mattila M, eds. Helsinki, Finland: Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, 1997 Jun 6:151-153
Construction workers are at great risk to injury, disability and early death as a result of exposure to health and safety hazards at work (Center to Protect Workers Righ~, 1993). The broad goal of the proposed research project is to reduce the incidence and prevaience of injuries and illnesses to construction workers. The bairiers to this objective are not primarily technological; but cultural and organizational. A wide range of possible interventions are available to be introduced at the industry, contractor and individual levels (Schneider, 1996), including: technological changes; improved personal protective equipment; and administrative reforms. The imminent question is not so much what to change, but how to change' and who will affect that change. Ringen el oz. (1995) cite several characteristics which make construction unique, including multiple employers, short-term employment and the ever-changing nature of the construction workplace and its hazards. In this study, rapid appraisal and participatory methods are combined in the design of "Health Trak" to address the uniqueness of construction. A compelling body of litemture contends that successful introduction of ergonomics into the workplace is preconditioned on participation by the affected workers (e.g. Gjessing el oZ., 1994; Schurman el aI., 1994). RApid appraisal uses popular education and participatory techniques in an intensive, systematic and semi-structured method carried out by a team composed of outside researchers and a representative cross-section of the affected population to enter a research setting, do assessment, and introduce and evaluate interventions in the shortest feasible time.
Construction-workers; Construction; Risk-factors; Exposure-levels; Injuries; Morbidity-rates; Mortality-rates; Hazards; Health-hazards; Personal-protection; Personal-protective-equipment
Seppala-P; Luopajarvi-T; Nygard-C-H; Mattila-M
From Experience to Innovation. IEA'97, Vol. 6, Agriculture and Food Industry, Construction Work, Dental Work, Traffic Safety, Proceedings of the 13th Triennial Congress of the International Ergonomics Association, Tampere, Finland, June 29-July 4, 1997
University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, Massachusetts