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Negative impacts of shiftwork and long work hours.

Authors
Caruso-CC
Source
Rehabil Nurs 2014 Jan/Feb; 39(1):16-25
NIOSHTIC No.
20042796
Abstract
Purpose: Healthcare organizations often have to provide patient care around the clock. Shift work (any shift outside of 7 a.m. to 6 p.m) and long work hours increase the risk for short sleep duration and sleep disturbances. Thirty-two percent of healthcare workers report they do not get enough sleep. The purpose of the article is to give an overview of the wide range of risks to nurses, patients, and employers that are linked to shift work, long work hours, and poor sleep from other sources. Findings: Shift work and long work hours increase the risk for reduced performance on the job, obesity, injuries, and a wide range of chronic diseases. In addition, fatigue-related errors could harm patients. Fatigued nurses also endanger others during their commute to and from work. Conclusion and Clinical Relevance: The key strategy to reduce these risks is making sleep a priority in the employer's systems for organizing work and in the nurse's personal life.
Keywords
Workers; Worker-health; Work-intervals; Shift-work; Shift-workers; Health-care-personnel; Health-care; Medical-care; Medical-personnel; Physicians; Nurses; Nursing; Sleep-deprivation; Sleep-disorders; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Task-performance; Weight-factors; Fatigue; Injuries; Occupational-diseases; Work-organization; Work-performance; Circadian-rhythms; Author Keywords: Shift work; occupational diseases; occupational injury; occupational exposure; work schedule tolerance; circadian rhythms; job stress; overtime work; extended work shifts; sleepiness
Contact
Claire C. Caruso, Research Health Scientist, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway MS C-24, Cincinnati, OH 45226-1998
Publication Date
20140101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
ZHL1@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2014
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
B20130718
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
0278-4807
NIOSH Division
DART
Priority Area
Healthcare and Social Assistance; Transportation, Warehousing and Utilities
Source Name
Rehabilitation Nursing
State
OH
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