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Molecular modeling in structural nano-toxicology: interactions of nano-particles with nano-machinery of cells.

Authors
Yanamala-N; Kagan-VE; Shvedova-AA
Source
Adv Drug Deliv Rev 2013 Dec; 65(15):2070-2077
NIOSHTIC No.
20042729
Abstract
Over the past two decades, nanotechnology has emerged as a key player in various disciplines of science and technology. Some of the most exciting applications are in the field of biomedicine - for theranostics (for combined diagnostic and therapeutic purposes) as well as for exploration of biological systems. A detailed understanding of the molecular details of interactions between nanoparticles and biological nano-machinery - macromolecules, membranes, and intracellular organelles - is crucial for obtaining adequate information on mechanisms of action of nanomaterials as well as a perspective on the long term effects of these materials and their possible toxicological outcomes. This review focuses on the use of structure-based computational molecular modeling as a tool to understand and to predict the interactions between nanomaterials and nano-biosystems. We review major approaches and provide examples of computational analysis of the structural principles behind such interactions. A rationale on how nanoparticles of different sizes, shape, structure and chemical properties can affect the organization and functions of nano-machinery of cells is also presented.
Keywords
Nanotechnology; Biomedical-engineering; Diagnostic-techniques; Therapeutic-agents; Biological-systems; Molecular-biology; Molecular-structure; Cell-function; Cellular-function; Cellular-reactions; Chemical-structure; Analytical-models; Structural-analysis; Chemical-properties
CODEN
ADDREP
Publication Date
20131301
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
2014
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
B20130625
Issue of Publication
15
ISSN
0169-409X
NIOSH Division
HELD
Priority Area
Mining
Source Name
Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
State
WV
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