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Application of Markov chain Monte Carlo analysis to biomathematical modeling of respirable dust in US and UK coal miners.

Authors
Sweeney-LM; Parker-A; Haber-LT; Tran-CL; Kuempel-ED
Source
Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 2013 Jun; 66(1):47-58
NIOSHTIC No.
20042567
Abstract
A biomathematical model was previously developed to describe the long-term clearance and retention of particles in the lungs of coal miners. The model structure was evaluated and parameters were estimated in two data sets, one from the United States and one from the United Kingdom. The three-compartment model structure consists of deposition of inhaled particles in the alveolar region, competing processes of either clearance from the alveolar region or translocation to the lung interstitial region, and very slow, irreversible sequestration of interstitialized material in the lung-associated lymph nodes. Point estimates of model parameter values were estimated separately for the two data sets. In the current effort, Bayesian population analysis using Markov chain Monte Carlo simulation was used to recalibrate the model while improving assessments of parameter variability and uncertainty. When model parameters were calibrated simultaneously to the two data sets, agreement between the derived parameters for the two groups was very good, and the central tendency values were similar to those derived from the deterministic approach. These findings are relevant to the proposed update of the ICRP human respiratory tract model with revisions to the alveolar-interstitial region based on this long-term particle clearance and retention model.
Keywords
Mathematical-models; Particulate-dust; Particulates; Lung; Coal-miners; Models; Alveolar-cells; Lymph-nodes; Humans; Men; Women; Respiration; Respiratory-system-disorders; Respirable-dust; Underground-mining; Statistical-analysis; Author Keywords: Coal dust; Miners; Biomathematical model; Alveolar deposition; Markov chain Monte Carlo; Bayesian analysis
Contact
Lisa M. Sweeney, Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine, 2729 R St., Building 837, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH 45433
CODEN
RTOPDW
Publication Date
20130601
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
LMSweeney@aol.com
Fiscal Year
2013
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Contract-212-2006-F-18607; B20130520
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
0273-2300
NIOSH Division
EID
Priority Area
Manufacturing
Source Name
Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology : RTP
State
OH
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