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Police suicide in small departments: a comparative analysis.

Authors
Violanti-JM; Mnatsakanova-A; Hartley-TA; Andrew-ME; Bruchfiel-CM
Source
Int J Emerg Mental Health 2012 Jul; 14(3):157-162
NIOSHTIC No.
20042542
Abstract
The majority of police suicide research has focused on larger police departments. Very little research has been done within small departments. The present study compared suicide rates between small and larger police departments. Two Hundred ninty-eight departments were drawn from the U.S. Public Safety Officer Benefits database totaling 119,624 officers. Annual suicide rates were calculated per 100,000 for each of four category (by size of department) and p-values from Chi-square tests were employed to assess differences in rates across categories. The annual suicide rate varied significantly across departments. Smaller police departments had a significantly higher suicide rate than large departments. Possible reasons include lack of availability for mental health assistance, increased workload and danger, and community visibility.
Keywords
Law-enforcement-workers; Police-officers; Humans; Men; Women; Workers; Work-environment; Mental-health; Statistical-analysis; Emergency-responders; Epidemiology; Injuries; Traumatic-injuries; Shift-work; Author Keywords: police; suicide; organizational size
Publication Date
20120701
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
violanti@buffalo.edu
Fiscal Year
2012
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
3
ISSN
1522-4821
NIOSH Division
HELD
Source Name
International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
State
NY; WV
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