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Mycobacterium avium complex infection among spa workers in New Mexico.

Authors
Moraga-McHaley-S
Source
N.M. Epidemiol Rep 2011 Apr; 2011(3):1-3
NIOSHTIC No.
20042340
Abstract
Two cases of lab-confirmed Mycobacterium avium complex infections (MAC) were reported to the New Mexico Department of Health in July 2009. The symptoms, exposures, and presence of MAC were indicative of hot tub lung, a hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) - like granulomatous lung disease with non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), that can occur from exposure to hot water aerosols from spas, therapy pools, showers, and indoor swimming pools. Person-to-person transmission does not occur. MAC, a type of NTM, consists of two or more mycobacterial species, M. avium and M. intracellulare. The two cases were employed at a spa establishment with several outdoor tubs. Because of the suspected work-related nature of the illnesses, the cases were referred for investigation to the New Mexico Occupational Health Surveillance Program (NMOHSP), Epidemiology and Response Division (ERD) in February 2010.
Keywords
Exposure-levels; Lung; Lung-irritants; Respiratory-irritants; Respiratory-infections; Respiration; Pulmonary-function; Pulmonary-system; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Pulmonary-disorders; Aerosols; Bacteria; Epidemiology
Publication Date
20110401
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2011
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-OH-008486
Issue of Publication
3
ISSN
8750-4642
Source Name
New Mexico Epidemiology Report
State
NM
Performing Organization
University of New Mexico, Albuquerque
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