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Intimate partner violence (IPV) among nursing personnel: prevalence and risk factors in the safe at work study.

Messing-JT; Campbell-J; Kanga-M; Kub-J; Sheridan-D; Bolyard-R; Fitzgerald-S; Agnew-J
International Family Violence and Child Victimization Research Conference, July 27-29, 2008, Portsmouth, New Hampshire. Durham, New Hampshire: University of New Hampshire, 2008 Jul; :D-48
The Safe at Work study is a longitudinal, multi-site research study examining violence at 3 hospitals in the Baltimore, MD area. Participants included 2,170 nurses and nursing personnel. Nearly 25% of participants reported lifetime experiences of physical or sexual abuse by an intimate partner. Within the past 5 years, 7.4% (N=161) of participants had experienced IPV; 32% of these victims (N=52) experienced IPV within the past 12 months. The experience of IPV in the past 5 years is significantly related (X2=5.36, p<.05) to the experience of workplace violence, though only a very small number of participants (N=6) reported experiencing IPV at work. Logistic regression was used to examine the risk factors associated with IPV in the past 5 years. Participants who are currently married were significantly less likely to report experiencing IPV, yet participants with children were significantly more likely to experience IPV. Experiences of physical and sexual abuse as a child are significantly related to an increased risk of experiencing IPV as an adult. Witnessing IPV as a child was not significantly related to experiencing IPV as an adult. The prevalence and risk factors of IPV among nursing personnel will be placed within the context of current research on IPV, and IPV and work. Explanations for the relationship between workplace and intimate partner violence will be explored.
Force; Workers; Work-environment; Injuries; Mental-health; Mental-stress; Physical-stress; Physiological-effects; Physiological-stress; Psychological-factors; Psychological-reactions; Psychological-stress; Psychology; Health-care-personnel; Medical-personnel; Humans; Men; Women; Nurses; Nursing; Statistical-analysis; Risk-factors; Exposure-levels
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International Family Violence and Child Victimization Research Conference, July 27-29, 2008, Portsmouth, New Hampshire
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Johns Hopkins University