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Pathways from prior experiences of violence to current abuse.

Authors
Campbell-J; Messing-J; Bolyard-R; Kub-J; LaFlair-L; Kanga-M; Duson-N
Source
International Family Violence and Child Victimization Research Conference, July 27-29, 2008, Portsmouth, New Hampshire. Durham, New Hampshire: University of New Hampshire, 2008 Jul; :D-43
NIOSHTIC No.
20042253
Abstract
As part of a larger study on workplace violence against nursing personnel, 25% of 2562 participants reported lifetime intimate partner violence (IPV) (physical, sexual assault, threats of either or stalked) with 27.6% experiencing child sexual abuse, 26.7% physical child abuse and 10.1% witnessing parental IPV. This presentation will describe the prevalence of these abuse experiences and the pathways between childhood experiences of violence and adult IPV victimization and workplace violence. The 2562 (56% response rate) nurses (76%), and other personnel reporting to nursing (24.1%), such as nursing techs, transport personnel and support personnel, were from one large urban, one medium sized community and one small suburban hospital who responded to an online confidential survey. Respondents were 91% female, 9% male; primarily well educated (64% college); mean age of 39; and of 62% white, 22% African American, 10% Asian American, 8% other in ethnic background. The major finding from multivariate logistic regression modeling was the strong mediating role of PTSD in the pathway from childhood experiences of violence and current IPV and WPV. The full model and model within different groups will be presented along with a possible explicating framework for increased risk for adult IPV from childhood experiences of violence.
Keywords
Force; Workers; Work-environment; Injuries; Mental-health; Mental-stress; Physical-stress; Physiological-effects; Physiological-stress; Psychological-factors; Psychological-reactions; Psychological-stress; Psychology; Health-care-personnel; Medical-personnel; Humans; Men; Women; Nurses; Nursing; Statistical-analysis
Contact
Jacqueline Agnew, RN, MPH, PhD, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, 615 N. Wolfe St., Room 7503 D, Baltimore MD, 21205
Publication Date
20080729
Document Type
Abstract
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2008
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-007953
Source Name
International Family Violence and Child Victimization Research Conference, July 27-29, 2008, Portsmouth, New Hampshire
State
MD; NH
Performing Organization
Johns Hopkins University
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