Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Does safety training reduce work injury in the United States?

Authors
Waehrer-GM; Miller-TR
Source
Ergon Open J 2009 Jan; 2:26-39
NIOSHTIC No.
20042229
Abstract
Using a cross-sectional model, this paper analyzes the relationships between occupational injury rates and worker safety training, workplace safety practices, and health-oriented employee benefits in the United States. We merged U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics establishment-level data on employee training, benefits, and rates of occupational injuries and illnesses with days away from work, obtaining a data set on 2,358 establishments, 62% of them with at least 250 employees. Weighted two-stage regression models were used to provide a rare look at the effect of training, benefit packages, and workplace practices on occupational injury rates. The results suggest that safety training increases the reporting of injuries and illnesses but also has real safety effects on days-away-from-work incidents, especially in smaller firms. While overexertion incidents were resistant to safety training, toxic exposure events were reduced in manufacturing establishments with a formal safety training program. Wellness programs and Employee Assistance Programs were associated with lower days-away-from-work injury and illness rates and costs in large firms where they are more common. Workplace innovations like total quality management significantly increased the reporting of days-away-fromwork injuries and illnesses.
Keywords
Models; Analytical-processes; Workers; Work-environment; Injuries; Accidents; Safety-programs; Safety-education; Safety-practices; Health-care; Training; Statistical-analysis; Exposure-levels; Author Keywords: Safety training; occupational injury; evaluation; EAP; wellness program
Contact
Ted R. Miller, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11720 Beltsville Drive, Suite 900, Calverton, MD 20705-3111
Publication Date
20090101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
miller@pire.org
Fiscal Year
2009
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-003750
ISSN
1875-9343
Source Name
The Ergonomics Open Journal
State
MD
Performing Organization
Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland
TOP