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Consideration of age-related changes in behavior trends in older adults in assessing risks of environmental exposures.

Authors
Tuttle-L; Meng-Q; Moya-J; Johns-DO
Source
J Aging Health 2013 Mar; 25(2):243-273
NIOSHTIC No.
20042189
Abstract
Objectives: To explore age-related behavior differences between older and younger adults, and to review how older adult activity patterns are considered in evaluating the potential risk of exposure to environmental pollutants. Methods: Activity pattern data and their use in risk assessments were analyzed using the U.S. EPA Exposure Factors Handbook (EFH), U.S. EPA Consolidated Human Activity Pattern Database (CHAD), and peer-reviewed literature describing human health risk assessments. Results: The characterization by age of some factors likely to impact older adults' exposures remains limited. We demonstrate that age-related behavior trends vary between younger and older adults, and these differences are rarely explicitly considered in environmental health risk assessment for older adults. Discussion: Incorporating older adult exposure factors into risk assessments may be challenging because of data gaps and difficulty in defining and appropriately binning older adults. Additional data related to older adult exposure factors are warranted for evaluating risk among this susceptible population.
Keywords
Exposure-assessment; Environmental-exposure; Public-health; Age-factors; Behavior; Risk-factors; Behavior-patterns; Environmental-pollution; Information-retrieval-systems; Humans; Physiological-factors; Physiological-response; Environmental-hazards; Risk-analysis; Author Keywords: activity patterns; behavior; exposure factors; older adults; risk assessment
Contact
Douglas O. Johns, PhD, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, 1095 Willowdale Road, Mailstop H2900, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
CODEN
JAHEEG
Publication Date
20130301
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
djohns@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2013
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
B20130306
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
0898-2643
NIOSH Division
DRDS
Source Name
Journal of Aging and Health
State
NC; NJ; DC; WV
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