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Violence against educators: a population-based study.

Authors
Gerberich-SG; Nachreiner-NM; Ryan-AD; Church-TR; McGovern-PM; Geisser-MS; Mongin-SJ; Watt-GD; Feda-DM; Sage-SK; Pinder-ED
Source
J Occup Environ Med 2011 Mar; 53(3):294-302
NIOSHTIC No.
20042170
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: Identify the magnitude and risk factors for occupational physical assault (PA) and nonphysical violence (NPV) against Minnesota educators. METHODS: Among 26,000 randomly selected licensed kindergarten to grade 12 educators, 6469 eligible educators reported whether they experienced PA or NPV during the prior year. Multiple logistic regression models were based on directed acyclic graphs. RESULTS: Respective PA and NPV annual rates per 100 educators were 8.3 and 38.4. Work changes resulted among PA (13% to 20%) and NPV (22%) victims. Risks increased for master's prepared or education specialists who worked in public alternative schools and special education. Risks decreased for those working for more than 20 years, part time, and in private schools. Physical assault risk decreased when teaching grades 3 to 12 (vs kindergarten to grade 2), but NPV risk increased. CONCLUSION: Targeted efforts on specific violence risk and protective factors are essential to improve educators' work environments.
Keywords
Health-hazards; Occupational-hazards; Education; Teaching; Work-environment; Workplace-studies; Physical-reactions; Physiological-effects; Injuries; Behavioral-disorders; Risk-factors; Mathematical-models; Statistical-analysis; Safety-climate; Safety-monitoring; Sociological-factors; Humans; Men; Women; Age-factors
Contact
Susan G. Gerberich, PhD, MSPH, Midwest Center for Occupational Health and Safety, Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Mayo Mail Code 807, 420 Delaware St SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455
CODEN
JOEMFM
Publication Date
20110301
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
gerbe001@umn.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2011
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-007816
Issue of Publication
3
ISSN
1076-2752
Source Name
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
State
MN; NY
Performing Organization
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities
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