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Changing workplaces to reduce work-family conflict: schedule control in a white-collar organization.

Authors
Kelly-EL; Moen-P; Tranby-E
Source
Am Sociol Rev 2011 Apr; 76(2):265-290
NIOSHTIC No.
20042147
Abstract
Work-family conflicts are common and consequential for employees, their families, and work organizations. Can workplaces be changed to reduce work-family conflict? Previous research has not been able to assess whether workplace policies or initiatives succeed in reducing work-family conflict or increasing work-family fit. Using longitudinal data collected from 608 employees of a white-collar organization before and after a workplace initiative was implemented, we investigate whether the initiative affects work-family conflict and fit, whether schedule control mediates these effects, and whether work demands, including long hours, moderate the initiative's effects on work-family outcomes. Analyses clearly demonstrate that the workplace initiative positively affects the work-family interface, primarily by increasing employees' schedule control. This study points to the importance of schedule control for our understanding of job quality and for management policies and practices.
Keywords
Workers; Worker-health; Occupations; Behavior; Employee-health; Employees; Work-operations; Work-organization; Work-practices; Families; Job-analysis; Men; Women; Control-methods; Management-personnel; Administration; Workplace-studies
Contact
Erin L. Kelly, Department of Sociology, University of Minnesota, 909 Social Sciences, 267 19th Avenue South, Minneapolis, MN 55455
Publication Date
20110401
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
kelly101@umn.edu
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2011
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U01-OH-008788
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
0003-1224
Source Name
American Sociological Review
State
MN; DE; OR
Performing Organization
Portland State University
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