Work, family and life-course fit: does control over work time matter?
Moen-P; Kelly-E; Huang-Q
J Vocat Behav 2008 Dec; 73(3):414-425
This study moves from "work-family" to a multi-dimensional "life-course fit" construct (employees' cognitive assessments of resources, resource deficits, and resource demands), using a combined work-family, demands-control and ecology of the life course framing. It examined (1) impacts of job and home ecological systems on fit dimensions, and (2) whether control over work time predicted and mediated life-course fit outcomes. Using cluster analysis of survey data on a sample of 917 white-collar employees from Best Buy headquarters, we identified four job ecologies (corresponding to the job demands-job control model) and five home ecologies (theorizing an analogous home demands-home control model). Job and home ecologies predicted fit dimensions in an additive, not interactive, fashion. Employees' work-time control predicted every life-course fit dimension and partially mediated effects of job ecologies, organizational tenure, and job category.
Workers; Worker-health; Occupations; Behavior; Employee-health; Employees; Work-operations; Work-organization; Work-practices; Families; Job-analysis; Men; Women; Sociological-factors; Sociology; Life-sciences; Control-methods;
Author Keywords: Work-family; Job and home ecologies; Life-course fit; Job strain; Role train/enhancement; Demandcontrol; Work time control; Control over work time; Job and home systems
Phyllis Moen, Sociology Department, University of Minnesota, 909 Social Sciences Building, 267 19th Avenue South, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
Journal of Vocational Behavior
Portland State University