Work organization and musculoskeletal health: clinical findings from immigrant Latino poultry processing and other manual workers.
Grzywacz-JG; Arcury-TA; Mora-D; Anderson-AM; Chen-H; Rosenbaum-DA; Schulz-MR; Quandt-SA
J Occup Environ Med 2012 Aug; 54(8):995-1001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the potential role of differential exposure to work organization hazards in musculoskeletal disorders among immigrant Latino workers. METHOD: Self-reported work organization data were obtained from immigrant Latino workers in poultry processing and nonpoultry, manual occupations (N = 742). Clinical evaluations for epicondylitis, rotator cuff syndrome, and back pain were obtained from a subsample (n = 518). RESULTS: Several work organization hazards (eg, low job control, high psychological demands) were elevated among poultry processing workers. Job control predicted epicondylitis (odds ratio [OR] = 0.77) and rotator cuff syndrome (OR = 0.79); psychological demand predicted rotator cuff syndrome (OR = 1.30) and back pain (OR = 1.24); awkward posture and repeated movements predicted all three outcomes; and management safety commitment predicted rotator cuff syndrome (OR = 1.65) and back pain (OR = 1.81). DISCUSSION: Immigrant poultry processing workers are exposed to greater work organization hazards that may contribute to occupational health disparities.
Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Racial-factors; Poultry; Poultry-industry; Poultry-workers; Animals; Work-organization; Work-practices; Health-surveys; Manual-materials-handling; Back-injuries; Job-analysis; Psychological-factors; Posture; Repetitive-work; Cumulative-trauma; Management-personnel; Worker-health; Health-hazards; Industrial-hazards
Joseph G. Grzywacz, PhD, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd, Winston-Salem, NC 27157
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Wake Forest University Health Sciences - Winston-Salem, North Carolina