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Ergonomic and statistical assessment of safety in deep-cut mining.

Authors
Steiner-LJ; Turin-FC; Hamrick-CA
Source
Improving safety at small underground mines. Peters RH ed. Pittsburgh, PA: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, SP 18-94, 1994 Jan; :124-132
NIOSHTIC No.
20042082
Abstract
This U.S. Bureau of Mines paper examines the occupational safety concerns associated with deep-cut mining. Mining deeper cuts may have some unknown effects on how miners position themselves for visibility, the types of accidents that can occur, and the new interactions between the equipment and the continuous miner operator. This preliminary report utilizes data from the U.S. Mine Safety and Health This U.S. Bureau of Mines paper examines the occupational safety concerns associated with deep-cut mining. Mining deeper cuts may have some unknown effects on how miners position themselves for visibility, the types of accidents that can occur, and the new interactions between the equipment and the continuous miner operator. This preliminary report utilizes data from the U.S. Mine Safety and Health Administration accident database, interviews with mine workers and mine operators, and conversations with State, local, and union representatives. A statistical analysis was performed to compare injuries and fatalities that occurred in mines with deep-cut approval to mines that did not have deep-cut approval. The data were categorized by mine size. A series of interviews with over 50 mine workers in 5 States was also conducted. A preliminary task analysis study revealed some concern in the following areas: the bolting cycle, continuous miner operator positioning and visibility, mine conditions and depth of cut, cable handling, and remote-control unit design. Methods that will be used to study these tasks are discussed.
Keywords
Safety-education; Safety-measures; Accidents; Underground-miners; Underground-mining; Coal-miners; Coal-mining; Injuries; Risk-factors; Miners; Visual-fields; Visual-aids; Visual-perception; Equipment-design; Equipment-operators; Statistical-analysis; Mine-workers; Training; Ergonomics; Human-factors-engineering
Publication Date
19940101
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Fiscal Year
1994
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
NIOSH Division
PRC
Source Name
Improving safety at small underground mines
State
PA
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