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Cancer mortality among textile workers in Shanghai, China: a preliminary study.

Authors
Fang-SC; Eisen-EA; Dai-H; Zhang-H; Hang-J; Wang-X; Christiani-DC
Source
J Occup Environ Med 2006 Sep; 48(9):955-958
NIOSHTIC No.
20042067
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the association between cotton textile work and cancer mortality. METHODS: The cancer mortality experience of 912 (444 cotton, 468 silk) textile workers in Shanghai, China, was compared. Workers were followed from 1981 to 2003. The associations between cotton textile work and death due to all cancers combined (with and without lung cancer) and to gastrointestinal cancers were estimated with Cox models, adjusting for age, work years, and pack-years. RESULTS: There were 69 deaths. The adjusted hazard rate ratio (HR) was 2.10 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.98-4.47) for all cancers combined and 2.56 (95% CI, 1.14-5.74) after excluding lung cancer. For gastrointestinal cancers, the adjusted HR was 2.09 (95% CI, 0.83-5.27). CONCLUSIONS: These preliminary data suggest that, with the exception of lung cancer, cotton workers have significantly higher cancer mortality rates than silk workers.
Keywords
Cotton-industry; Cotton-fibers; Cotton-dust; Cotton-mill-workers; Textiles; Textiles-industry; Textile-workers; Cancer; Workers; Humans; Men; Women; Lung-cancer; Lung-disease; Lung-disorders; Lung-function; Lung-irritants; Lung-tissue; Gastrointestinal-system; Gastrointestinal-system-disorders; Epidemiology; Statistical-analysis; Hazards; Exposure-levels
Contact
David C. Christiani, MD, MPH, MS, Harvard School of Public Health, Occupational Health Program, 665 Huntington Avenue, Building I, Room 1407, Boston, MA 02115
CODEN
JOEMFM
Publication Date
20060901
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
dchris@hohp.harvard.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2006
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-002421
Issue of Publication
9
ISSN
1076-2752
Source Name
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
State
MA
Performing Organization
Harvard University
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