Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Job design: an effective strategy for reducing back injuries.

Authors
Hamrick-CA; Gallagher-S
Source
Improving safety at small underground mines. Peters RH ed. Pittsburgh, PA: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, SP 18-94, 1994 Jan; :48-54
NIOSHTIC No.
20042020
Abstract
The U.S. Bureau of Mines conducted research to reduce musculoskeletal injuries. Occupationally related musculoskeletal injuries pose a significant problem to the mining industry. Ergonomics can help to reduce the costs associated with these injuries. Mines can institute committees to solve ergonomic problems. These committees should include representatives from management, the labor force, and the medical department. Various analysis techniques, such as job safety analysis, task analyses, materials-handling flowcharts, and preliminary hazards analysis can be used to identify ergonomic problems in and around a mine. Once hazards have been identified, then solutions can be formulated and implemented. The preferred strategy is to redesign the job by eliminating the hazard, removing the worker from exposure, or mechanizing the task. If these strategies are infeasible, then the job should be designed so that it can be performed within the workers' capabilities. After any ergonomic solution is implemented, a followup analysis should be performed to ensure the effectiveness of the change and to guard against the introduction of any new ergonomic or safety hazards. Physical fitness programs and training can be used to suppfement job redesign. By effectively instituting sound ergonomic implementation strategies, the costs associated with musculoskeletal disorders can be reduced.
Keywords
Musculoskeletal-system; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Injuries; Mining-industry; Ergonomics; Analytical-processes; Safety-measures; Safety-education; Safety-practices; Materials-handling; Workers; Work-capability; Physical-capacity; Physical-fitness
Publication Date
19940101
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Fiscal Year
1994
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
NIOSH Division
PRC
Source Name
Improving safety at small underground mines
State
PA
TOP