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Occupation and the prevalence of current depression and frequent mental distress, WA BRFSS 2006 and 2008.

Authors
Fan-ZJ; Bonauto-DK; Foley-MP; Anderson-NJ; Yragui-NL; Silverstein-BA
Source
Am J Ind Med 2012 Oct; 55(10):893-903
NIOSHTIC No.
20041840
Abstract
Background: Workers with depression and frequent mental distress (FMD) have lost work productivity. Limited systematic comparisons exist for the prevalence of depression and FMD across occupational groups. Methods: Using a state-added question for occupation coupled to measures of depression and FMD on the Washington State (WA) 2006 and 2008 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey, we estimated the prevalence and odds ratios (ORs) among the 20,560 WA workers. Results: The prevalences of current depression and FMD were 5.2% and 7.5%, respectively. The prevalence varied considerably across occupations. Compared with Management occupation, Truck drivers had significantly increased odds for both current depression [OR = 6.18, 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.52-15.16] and FMD (OR = 1.85, 95% CI: 1.01-3.41). Cleaning/Building services (OR = 1.95, 95% CI: 1.11-3.40) and Protective services (OR = 1.97, 95% CI: 1.19-3.27) were associated with increased FMD. Conclusions: These findings demonstrate the need for research on possible sources of the differences for current depression and FMD across occupations.
Keywords
Mental-disorders; Mental-health; Mental-illness; Mental-processes; Work-performance; Worker-health; Workers; Work-capability; Behavior; Risk-factors; Surveillance-programs; Occupations; Truck-drivers; Housekeeping-personnel; Maintenance-workers; Employee-health; Author Keywords: occupation; current depression; frequent mental distress
Contact
Z. Joyce Fan, PhD, Washington State Department of Labor & Industries Safety and Health Assessment and Research for Prevention, PO Box 44330, Olympia, WA 98504-4330
CODEN
AJIMD8
Publication Date
20121001
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
fanj235@lni.wa.gov
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2013
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U01-OH-007316; B20121218D
Issue of Publication
10
ISSN
0271-3586
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
WA
Performing Organization
Washington State Department of Labor and Industries
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