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Personality and reduced incidence of walking limitation in late life: findings from the Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study.

Authors
Tolea-MI; Ferrucci-L; Costa-PT; Faulkner-K; Rosano-C; Satterfield-S; Ayonayon-HN; Simonsick-EM; The Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study
Source
J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 2012 Nov; 67(6):712-719
NIOSHTIC No.
20041787
Abstract
Objectives. To examine the association between openness to experience and conscientiousness and incident reported walking limitation. Method. The study population consisted of 786 men and women aged 71-81 years (M = 75 years, SD = 2.7) participating in the Health, Aging, and Body Composition-Cognitive Vitality Substudy. RESULTS: Nearly 20% of participants (155/786) developed walking limitation during 6 years of follow-up. High openness was associated with a reduced risk of walking limitation (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.83, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.69-0.98), independent of sociodemographic factors, health conditions, and conscientiousness. This association was not mediated by lifestyle factors and was not substantially modified by other risk factors for functional disability. Conscientiousness was not associated with risk of walking limitation (HR = 0.91, 95% CI = 0.77-1.07). Discussion. Findings suggest that personality dimensions, specifically higher openness to experience, may contribute to functional resilience in late life.
Keywords
Posture; Body-mechanics; Analytical-processes; Age-groups; Physical-fitness; Physiological-factors; Physiological-function; Physiology; Behavior; Weight-factors; Risk-factors; Sociological-factors; Personality-traits; Author Keywords: Conscientiousness; Functional limitations; Openness to experience; Personality
Contact
Magdalena Tolea, PhD, Gerontology Program, School of Social Work, University of Missouri-St Louis, St Louis, MO 63121
CODEN
JGBSF3
Publication Date
20121101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
toleam@umsl.edu
Fiscal Year
2013
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
B20121218C
Issue of Publication
6
ISSN
1079-5014
NIOSH Division
OD
Source Name
The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
State
MO; MD; GA; TN; CA; PA
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