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Incidence and costs of family member hospitalization following injuries of workers' compensation claimants.

Authors
Asfaw-A; Pana-Cryan-R; Bushnell-T
Source
Am J Ind Med 2012 Nov; 55(11):1028-1036
NIOSHTIC No.
20041776
Abstract
Background: The consequences of occupational injuries for the health of family members have rarely been studied. We hypothesized that non-fatal occupational injury would increase the incidence and costs of hospitalization among workers' families, and that family members of severely injured workers would be likely to experience greater increases in hospitalizations than family members of non-severely injured workers. Data and Methods: We used the MarketScan databases from Thomson Reuters for 2002-2005, which include workers' compensation and inpatient medical care claims data for injured workers' families. We used a before-after analysis to compare the odds and costs of family hospitalization 3 months before and after the index occupational injury among 18,411 families. Severe injuries were defined by receipt of indemnity payments and at least 7 days of lost work. Family hospitalizations were measured by the incidence of hospitalization of at least one family member. Results: Among families of all injured workers, the odds of at least one family member being hospitalized were 31% higher [95% confidence intervals (CI)=1.11-1.55] in the 3 months following occupational injury than in the 3 months preceding injury. Among the families of severely injured workers, the odds of hospitalization were 56% higher [95% CI?=1.05-2.34] in the 3 months following injury. Hospitalization costs were found to rise by approximately the same percentage as hospitalization incidence. Conclusion: The impact of occupational injury may extend beyond the workplace and adversely affect the health and inpatient medical care use of family members.
Keywords
Injuries; Psychological-effects; Psychological-reactions; Psychological-stress; Psychology; Behavior; Stress; Physical-stress; Physical-reactions; Physical-capacity; Medical-care; Age-groups; Humans; Men; Women; Workers; Families; Surveillance-programs; Author Keywords: occupational injury; family hospitalization; before-after analysis
Contact
Dr. Abay Asfaw,PhD, 395 E Street, SW Washington, DC 20201
CODEN
AJIMD8
Publication Date
20121101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
hqp0@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2013
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
B20121218C
Issue of Publication
11
ISSN
0271-3586
NIOSH Division
OD; DSHEFS
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
DC; OH
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