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Differences in folic acid use, prenatal care, smoking, and drinking in early pregnancy by occupation.

Authors
Agopian-AJ; Lupo-PJ; Herdt-Losavio-ML; Langlois-PH; Rocheleau-CM; Mitchell-LE; The National Birth Defects Prevention Study
Source
Prev Med 2012 Oct; 55(4):341-345
NIOSHTIC No.
20041763
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To describe differences in four high risk periconceptional behaviors (lack of folic acid supplementation, lack of early prenatal care, smoking, and drinking) by maternal occupation. METHODS: Analyses were conducted among women in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study who delivered liveborn infants without birth defects. Periconceptional occupational data were collected using a computer-assisted telephone interview and occupational coding was performed using the 2000 Standard Occupational Classification System. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to determine whether prevalence of behaviors differed between occupational groups. RESULTS: Subjects included 5153 women employed during early pregnancy from 1997 to 2007. Compared to women in management, business, science, and arts occupations, women in other occupations (e.g., service occupations) were significantly more likely to engage in all four high risk behaviors. Specifically, women in food preparation/serving-related occupations were significantly more likely to engage in all four behaviors compared to women in all other occupational groups (odds ratios: 1.8-3.0), while women in education/training/library occupations were significantly less likely to do so (odds ratios: 0.2-0.5). CONCLUSION: We identified several occupational groups with an increased prevalence of high-risk maternal behaviors during pregnancy. Our findings could aid in developing interventions targeted towards women in these occupational groups.
Keywords
Pregnancy; Prenatal-exposure; Behavior; Smoking; Alcoholic-beverages; Analytical-processes; Humans; Women; Risk-factors; Exposure-levels; Epidemiology; Statistical-analysis; Author Keywords: Folic acid; Prenatal care; Smoking; Alcohol drinking; Occupations; Pregnancy; Eidemiology
Contact
Laura E. Mitchell, Human Genetics Center, Division of Epidemiology, Human Genetics and Environmental Sciences, University of Texas School of Public Health, 1200 Herman Pressler Dr., Houston, TX 77030
CODEN
PVTMA3
Publication Date
20121001
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
laura.e.mitchell@uth.tmc.edu
Fiscal Year
2013
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
B20121218C
Issue of Publication
4
ISSN
0091-7435
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Priority Area
Manufacturing
Source Name
Preventive Medicine
State
TX; NY; OH
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