Work organization and occupational health: perspectives from Latinos employed on crop and horse breeding farms.
Swanberg-JE; Clouser-JM; Westneat-S
Am J Ind Med 2012 Aug; 55(8):714-728
BACKGROUND: Agriculture is hazardous and increasingly dependent on Latino workers, a vulnerable population. However, little research has studied how work organization influences Latino farmworker health. METHODS: Using a work organization framework, this cross-sectional study describes and compares the work organization and occupational health characteristics of a sample of Latino crop (n = 49) and horse production (n = 54) workers in Kentucky. RESULTS: Crop workers experienced more physical demands, work-related and environmental stressors, and musculoskeletal and ill-health symptoms. Significantly more crop workers indicated work-related illness or missed work due to work-related illness/injury, though one-fourth of both groups reported work-related injury in the past year. A majority of both groups cited exposure to toxic chemicals, a minority of whom received training on their use. CONCLUSION: Further surveillance is needed to understand the rate and precursors of illness/injury in these populations, as is research on the relationship between supervisory practices, psychosocial stressors, and occupational health.
Agriculture; Animal-husbandry; Agricultural-workers; Animal-husbandry-workers; Racial-factors; Work-organization; Work-operations; Work-practices; Worker-health; Work-environment; Farmers; Animals; Employee-health; Supervisory-personnel; Surveillance-programs; Injury-prevention; Disease-prevention; Agricultural-chemicals;
Author Keywords: Latino farmworkers; organization of work; occupational illness and injury
Jennifer E. Swanberg, PhD, 139 West Short Street, Suite 200, Lexington, KY 40502
Cooperative Agreement; Agriculture
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
University of Kentucky