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Self-reported hand symptoms: a role in monitoring health care workers for latex sensitization?

Authors
Wang-ML; Kelly-KJ; Klancnik-M; Petsonk-EL
Source
Ann Allergy, Asthma, & Immun 2012 Nov; 109(5):314-318
NIOSHTIC No.
20041670
Abstract
Background: The use of powdered natural rubber latex (NRL) gloves increased greatly in the 1980s because of concerns about transmission of blood-borne infections and the subsequent implementation of universal precautions. The most common clinical reactions to glove use are irritant and T-cell-mediated contact dermatitis. However, IgE-mediated immediate reactions to latex have become a serious concern for health care workers (HCWs). The diagnosis of latex allergy requires a comprehensive medical history and diagnostic tests. The skin prick test is the preferred diagnostic method, although it can be timeconsuming. Objective: To determine the role of hand symptoms reported on questionnaires in monitoring HCWs for latex sensitization. Methods: Questionnaires were completed by 804 HCWs at 2 hospitals. Using a positive skin prick test (SPT) result as a criterion standard of latex sensitization, the diagnostic performance of hand symptoms was evaluated. Results: Increasing latex glove use was strongly related to increasing reports of hand symptoms. Hand symptoms were highly associated with glove-related respiratory and systemic symptoms. A positive SPT result was seen in 5% of HCWs and increased with the number of hand symptoms: 0 (1.6%), 1 to 2 (3.4%), and 3 to 7 (19.0%). Participants reporting more than 2 hand symptoms were 11 times more likely to have positive SPT results compared with those with 2 or fewer hand symptoms. Conclusion: Hand symptoms are closely associated with latex sensitization. Questionnaires should be useful in health monitoring for HCWs who use latex gloves.
Keywords
Hand-protection; Health-care-personnel; Health-protection; Health-surveys; Allergic-dermatitis; Allergic-reactions; Allergies; Respiratory-hypersensitivity; Questionnaires; Statistical-analysis; Work-analysis; Work-practices; Worker-health; Workplace-studies; Sensitivity-testing; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Dermatitis; Surveillance
Contact
Mei Lin Wang, MD, MPH, NIOSH, Mail Stop H-G900.2, 1095 Willowdale Rd, Morgantown, WV 26505
CODEN
ALAIF6
Publication Date
20121101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
mlw4@cdc.gov
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2013
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-CCU-514541; B20121218A
Issue of Publication
5
ISSN
1081-1206
NIOSH Division
DRDS
Source Name
Annals of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
State
WV; WI
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