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Farm elders define health as the ability to work.

Authors
Reed-DB; Rayens-MK; Conley-CK; Westneat-S; Adkins-SM
Source
Workplace Health Saf 2012 Aug; 60(8):345-351
NIOSHTIC No.
20041490
Abstract
Thirty percent of America's 2.2 million farms are operated by individuals older than 65 years. This study examined how older farmers define health and determined whether demographic characteristics, farm work, and physical and mental health status predict health definition. Data were collected via telephone and mailed surveys during the baseline wave of data collection in a longitudinal study of family farmers residing in two southern states (n=1,288). Nearly 42% defined health as the "ability to work" compared to a physical health-related definition. Predictors of defining health as the ability to work included being White, performing more farm tasks in the past week, taking prescription medications daily, and having minimal health-related limitations to farm work. Health behaviors are centered on the individual's perception of health. Understanding the defining attributes of health can support better approaches to health care and health promotion, particularly among rural subcultures such as farmers, whose identity is rooted in their work.
Keywords
Agriculture; Agricultural-workers; Agricultural-industry; Farmers; Age-groups; Age-factors; Worker-health; Humans; Men; Women; Demographic-characteristics; Health-surveys; Questionnaires; Physical-capacity; Mental-health; Long-term-study; Families; Task-performance; Pharmaceuticals; Behavior; Performance-capability; Attitude
Contact
Deborah B. Reed, MSPH, PhD, RN, Distinguished Service Professor, University of Kentucky, 760 Rose Street, Lexington, KY 40536-0232
Publication Date
20120801
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
dbreed01@uky.edu
Funding Type
Grant; Agriculture
Fiscal Year
2012
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-004157; B09262012
Issue of Publication
8
ISSN
2165-0799
Source Name
Workplace Health & Safety
State
KY
Performing Organization
University of Kentucky
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