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An integrated approach toward understanding the environmental fate, transport, toxicity, and health hazards of nanomaterials.

Authors
Pettibone-JM; Elzey-S; Grassian-VH
Source
Nanoscience and nanotechnology: environmental and health impacts. Grassian VH, ed. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2008 Jan; :43-68
NIOSHTIC No.
20041468
Abstract
Nanoscience and nanotechnology offer new opportunities for making superior materials for use in industrial, environmental, and health applications. As nanomaterials continue to develop and become more widespread, we can expect that these manufactured materials have the potential to get into the environment sometime during production, distribution, use or disposal, that is, sometime during the life cycle of these materials. There are now over 500 nano-based products commercially available and a number of toxicological studies are being done to ensure the safety of these materials. With the introduction of this new area in toxicology, nanotoxicology, databases have been created to catalog existing research in addition to keeping updated information of ongoing work in the field. The knowledge base on nanotoxicity and risks associated with nanomaterials has been growing due to an increase in the number of nanomaterials and nanomaterial-based consumer goods that are becoming commercially available. Databases that include the International Council on Nanotechnology (ICON) (Rice University), Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies (Woodrow Wilson International Center), Nanoparticle Information Library (NIOSH), Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center (University of Wisconsin, Madison), SAFENANO (Institute of Occupational Medicine), and Nanomedicine Research Portal are being compiled to provide accessible information on the latest scientific data. These databases, listed in Table 3.1 along with website information, are helpful tools for identifying the latest results on a number of environmental health, safety, and toxicity studies that have been conducted on a broad range of nanomaterials.
Keywords
Nanotechnology; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-health; Author Keywords: nanoparticles - environmental and biological fate; nanomaterial studies - integrated approach; nanoparticle characterization - instrumentation and methods
Publication Date
20080101
Document Type
Book or book chapter
Editors
Grassian-VH
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2008
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISBN No.
9780470081037
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-009448; Grant-Number-R01-OH-008806
Source Name
Nanoscience and nanotechnology: environmental and health impacts
State
IA
Performing Organization
University of Iowa
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