Prevalence rates of work organization characteristics among workers in the U.S.: data from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey.
Alterman-T; Luckhaupt-SE; Dahlhamer-JM; Ward-BW; Calvert-GM
Am J Ind Med 2013 Jun; 56(6):647-659
BACKGROUND: Surveillance is needed to capture work organization characteristics and to identify their trends. METHODS: Data from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) were used to calculate prevalence rates for four work organization characteristics (long work hours, non-standard work arrangements, temporary positions, and alternative shifts) overall, and by demographic characteristics, and industry and occupation of current/recent employment. RESULTS: Data were available for 27,157 adults, of which 65% were current/recent workers. Among adults who worked in the past 12 months, 18.7% worked 48 hr or more per week, 7.2% worked 60 hr or more per week, 18.7% had non-standard work arrangements, 7.2% were in temporary positions, and 28.7% worked an alternative shift. CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence rates of work organization characteristics are provided. These national estimates can be used to help occupational health professionals and employers to identify emerging occupational safety and health risks, allow researchers to examine associations with health, and use the data for benchmarking.
Surveillance-programs; Work-organization; Statistical-analysis; Shift-work; Demographic-characteristics; Work-analysis; Safety-measures; Risk-factors; Health-hazards; Questionnaires; Exposure-levels;
Author Keywords: work organization; job stress; surveillance; occupational health; national survey; long work hours; non-standard work arrangements; temporary work; shift work
Dr. Toni Alterman, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (MS-R17), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226
American Journal of Industrial Medicine