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Dermal clearance model for epidermal bioavailability calculations.

Authors
Ibrahim-R; Nitsche-JM; Kasting-GB
Source
J Pharm Sci 2012 Jun; 101(6):2094-2108
NIOSHTIC No.
20041304
Abstract
A computational model for estimating dermal clearance in humans of arbitrary, nonmetabolized solutes is presented. The blood capillary component employs slit theory with contributions from both small (10 nm) and large (50 nm) slits. The lymphatic component is derived from previously reported clearance measurements of dermal and subcutaneous injections of (131)I-albumin in humans. Model parameters were fitted to both blood capillary permeability data and lymphatic clearance data. Small molecules are cleared largely by the blood and large molecules by the lymph. The combined model shows a crossover behavior at approximately 29 kDa, in acceptable agreement with the reported value of 16 kDa. When combined with existing models for stratum corneum permeability and appropriate measures of tissue binding, the developed model has the potential to significantly improve tissue concentration estimates for large or highly protein-bound permeants following dermal exposure.
Keywords
Models; Skin; Blood-cells; Humans; Men; Women; Molecular-structure; Tissue-culture; Exposure-levels; Proteins; Biological-effects; Biological-factors; Mathematical-models; Absorption-rates; Skin-absorption; Lymphatic-system; Author Keywords: absorption; clearance; dermis; distribution; lymphatic transport; mathematical model; physiological model; protein binding; skin; transdermal
Contact
Gerald B. Kasting, University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center, Cincinnati, OH 45267
CODEN
JPMSAE
Publication Date
20120601
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
Gerald.Kasting@uc.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2012
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-007529; B08292012
Issue of Publication
6
ISSN
0022-3549
Source Name
Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
State
OH; NY
Performing Organization
University of Cincinnati
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