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Can the ergonomic analysis of non-routinized work really be efficient?

Authors
Paquet-V; Punnett-L; Woskie-S
Source
Arbete och Halsa 2001 Jun; 2001(10):250-252
NIOSHTIC No.
20041292
Abstract
Introduction: Reliable information about the physical requirements of work is needed for both epidemiologic study of ergonomic stressors and evaluation of ergonomic controls. While the ideal exposure assessments provide reliable and detailed exposure information for each participant in the study over a representative set of tasks, such assessments are rarely feasible due to financial and logistical considerations. One way to reduce the amount of work associated with exposure assessment is to classify study participants into homogeneous exposure groups. Obtaining reliable measures of group exposures within occupations or tasks requires knowledge about how exposures vary across tasks, over time and among workers within a particular group. For jobs or tasks in which the sources of exposure variance are low, reliable exposure assessment may be achieved fairly quickly. However, in non-routinized work, for which the distribution of tasks performed by individuals of a particular occupation, as well as distribution of ergonomic exposures within task may be highly variable, multiple workers over long measurement periods may be necessary for reliable exposure measures. Efficient data collection strategies are those that minimize the time and effort in data collection and analysis without jeopardizing the reliability of the data. The aim of this paper is to provide recommendations for the efficient assessment of physical ergonomic exposures in non-routinized work.
Keywords
Ergonomics; Epidemiology; Job-analysis; Task-performance; Physical-capacity; Job-stress; Stress; Work-environment; Exposure-assessment; Occupational-exposure; Occupations; Data-processing; Employee-exposure; Group-behavior; Group-dynamics
Contact
V. Paquet, Department of Industrial Engineering, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY, USA
Publication Date
20010601
Document Type
Abstract
Email Address
vpaquet@eng.buffalo.edu
Editors
Hagsberg-M; Knave-B; Lillienberg-L; Westberg-H
Funding Amount
751370
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement; Construction
Fiscal Year
2001
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISBN No.
9789170456077
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U02-CCU-308771; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U02-CCU-312014
Issue of Publication
10
ISSN
0346-7821
Priority Area
Musculoskeletal-system-disorders
Source Name
Arbete och Halsa (X2001 - exposure assessment in epidemiology and practice, June 10-13, 2001, Göteborg, Sweden)
State
NY; MA; DC
Performing Organization
Center to Protect Workers' Rights
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