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The prevalence of selected potentially hazardous workplace exposures in the US: findings from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey.

Authors
Calvert-GM; Luckhaupt-SE; Sussell-A; Dahlhamer-JM; Ward-BW
Source
Am J Ind Med 2013 Jun; 56(6):635-646
NIOSHTIC No.
20041207
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: Assess the national prevalence of current workplace exposure to potential skin hazards, secondhand smoke (SHS), and outdoor work among various industry and occupation groups. Also, assess the national prevalence of chronic workplace exposure to vapors, gas, dust, and fumes (VGDF) among these groups. METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). NHIS is a multistage probability sample survey of the civilian non-institutionalized population of the US. Prevalence rates and their variances were calculated using SUDAAN to account for the complex NHIS sample design. RESULTS: The data for 2010 were available for 17,524 adults who worked in the 12 months that preceded interview. The highest prevalence rates of hazardous workplace exposures were typically in agriculture, mining, and construction. The prevalence rate of frequent handling of or skin contact with chemicals, and of non-smokers frequently exposed to SHS at work was highest in mining and construction. Outdoor work was most common in agriculture (85%), construction (73%), and mining (65%). Finally, frequent occupational exposure to VGDF was most common among mining (67%), agriculture (53%), and construction workers (51%). CONCLUSION: We identified industries and occupations with the highest prevalence of potentially hazardous workplace exposures, and provided targets for investigation and intervention activities.
Keywords
Exposure-levels; Hazards; Work-environment; Skin; Skin-exposure; Vapors; Dusts; Dust-exposure; Fumes; Humans; Men; Women; Statistical-analysis; Chemical-reactions; Chemical-hypersensitivity; Mining-industry; Construction-industry; Construction-workers; Workers; Surveillance-programs; Author Keywords: occupational exposure; industry; occupations; dermatitis; tobacco smoke pollution; heat stress disorders
Contact
M. Calvert, MD, MPH, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, R-17, Cincinnati, OH 45226
CODEN
AJIMD8
Publication Date
20130601
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
gcalvert@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2013
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
B08142012
Issue of Publication
6
ISSN
0271-3586
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Priority Area
Services
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
OH; MD
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