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Health disparities in police officers: comparisons to the U.S. general population.

Authors
Hartley-TA; Fekedulegn-D; Burchfiel-CM; Andrew-ME; Violanti-JM
Source
Int J Emerg Mental Health 2011 Oct; 13(4):211-220
NIOSHTIC No.
20041206
Abstract
Police officers have one of the poorest cardiovascular disease (CVD) health profiles of any occupation. The goal of this study was to determine if police officers in the Buffalo Cardio-Metabolic Occupational Police Stress (BCOPS) Study (between 2004 and 2009) had a more adverse CV profile than the general U.S. employed population. Nearly one-half (46.9%) of the officers worked a non-day shift compared to 9% of U.S. workers. The percent of officers with depression was nearly double (12.0% vs. 6.8%) and officers were nearly four times more likely to sleep less than six hours in a 24-hour period than the general population (33.0% vs. 8.0%). A higher percentage of officers were obese (40.5% vs. 32.1%), had the metabolic syndrome (26.7% vs. 18.7%), and had higher mean serum total cholesterol levels (200.8 mg/dL vs. 193.2 mg/dL) than the comparison employed populations. In addition to having higher levels of traditional CVD risk factors, police officers had higher levels of non-traditional CVD risk factors. These findings highlight the need for expanding the definition of a health disparity to include occupation. Future studies should expand this comparison to additional traditional and non-traditional CVD risk factors and to other occupational groups.
Keywords
Humans; Men; Women; Law-enforcement-workers; Stress; Age-groups; Police-officers; Cardiovascular-system; Cardiovascular-system-disease; Cardiovascular-system-disorders; Shift-work; Shift-workers; Sleep-deprivation; Sleep-disorders; Weight-factors; Metabolism; Risk-factors; Emergency-responders; Author Keywords: law enforcement; cardiovascular disease; risk factors; health disparity; epidemiology
Publication Date
20111001
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
THartley@cdc.gov
Funding Type
Contract
Fiscal Year
2012
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Contract-200-2003-01580
Issue of Publication
4
ISSN
1522-4821
NIOSH Division
HELD
Priority Area
Public Safety
Source Name
International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
State
NY; WV
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