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Exposure to a workday environment results in an increase in anterior tilting of the scapula in dental hygienists with greater employment experience.

Authors
Ettinger-L; McClure-P; Kincl-L; Karduna-A
Source
Clin Biomech 2012 May; 27(4):341-345
NIOSHTIC No.
20041187
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Dental hygienists suffer a high incidence of shoulder pathology that seems to increase with job longevity. It has been hypothesized that occupational injuries could be due to local muscle fatigue caused by repetitive low level work and awkward and constrained working postures. In the laboratory, scapular kinematics can be temporarily altered using fatiguing protocols. It is unknown whether or not workday fatigue causes changes to scapular kinematics. The aim of this study was to examine if changes in scapular tilt and rotation occurs after a workday in dental hygienists. METHODS: The pre and post workday scapular kinematics were recorded from dental hygienists using an electromagnetic tracking system. All data were recorded within the place of employment of the dental hygienist. RESULTS: Following the workday, there was significantly more scapular anterior tilt in dental hygienists (P<0.05); however, no changes were found for upward or internal rotation. Greater kinematic differences were found for hygienists with greater job longevity. INTERPRETATION: The increase in scapular anterior tilting could be due to post workday fatigue. Anterior tilting of the scapula may have an influence on the development of subacromial impingement syndrome. Hygienists with greater duration of work experience may be at greater risk for developing shoulder injuries as they have more anterior tilting of the scapula post workday.
Keywords
Humans; Men; Women; Statistical-analysis; Age-groups; Posture; Physical-fitness; Physical-stress; Physiology; Physiological-factors; Pathology; Muscles; Musculoskeletal-system; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Dentistry; Hygienists; Fatigue; Repetitive-work; Cumulative-trauma; Cumulative-trauma-disorders; Author Keywords: Scapular kinematics; Dental hygienists; Workday fatigue
Contact
Andrew Karduna, University of Oregon, 1220 University St. Eugene Oregon, USA. 97403
CODEN
CLBIEW
Publication Date
20120501
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
karduna@uoregon.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2012
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-008288; B08142012
Issue of Publication
4
ISSN
0268-0033
Source Name
Clinical Biomechanics
State
OR; PA
Performing Organization
University of Oregon
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