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When hard times take a toll: the distressing consequences of economic hardship and life events within the family-work interface.

Authors
Young-M; Schieman-S
Source
J Health Soc Behav 2012 Mar; 53(1):84-98
NIOSHTIC No.
20041155
Abstract
Using two waves of data from a national survey of working Americans (N = 1,122), we examine the associations among economic hardship, negative life events, and psychological distress in the context of the family-work interface. Our findings demonstrate that family-to-work conflict mediates the effects of economic hardship and negative events to significant others on distress (net of baseline distress and hardship). Moreover, economic hardship and negative events to significant others moderate the association between family-to-work conflict and distress. While negative events to others exacerbate the positive effect of family-to-work conflict on distress, we find the opposite for economic hardship: The positive association between hardship and distress is weaker at higher levels of family-to-work conflict. These patterns hold across an array of family, work, and sociodemographic conditions. We discuss how these findings refine and extend ideas of the stress process model, including complex predictions related to processes of stress-buffering, resource substitution, and role multiplication.
Keywords
Humans; Men; Women; Age-groups; Workers; Psychological-stress; Psychology; Sociological-factors; Stress; Statistical-analysis; Behavior; Author Keywords: economic hardship; family-work conflict; life events; psychological distress; stress process model
Contact
Marisa Young, Department of Sociology, 725 Spadina Avenue, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 2J4 Canada
CODEN
JHSBA5
Publication Date
20120301
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
marisa.young@utoronto.ca
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2012
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-008141; B08012012
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
0022-1465
Source Name
Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Performing Organization
University of Toronto
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