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Injury surveillance in construction: what is an "injury", anyway?

Authors
Welch-LS; Hunting-K
Source
Am J Ind Med 2003 Aug; 44(2):191-196
NIOSHTIC No.
20040988
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, there has been a decline in injuries with days away from work in construction, associated with an increase in injuries with restricted work activity only. METHODS: We abstracted demographics, diagnosis, cause-of-injury, and hospital discharge information for 481 workers from one large construction project treated in an urban Emergency Department (ED). The project safety team provided data on all injuries from this site, including first aid cases. RESULTS: This site had fewer injuries with days away from work than expected from national rates. Two hundred and fifty-six injuries were reported on the OSHA log, and of those 93 entailed days away from work; 1,515 injuries were considered first aid/medical only. We used a sample of the data to estimate that the site classified as "recordable" 128 of the 481 ED-treated injuries from this site (27%). CONCLUSIONS: The pattern of injury varies depending on the subset of injuries examined. Lost time injuries, as reported in BLS data, record fewer lacerations and eye injuries, and more strains and sprains. No one surveillance system presents the full spectrum of occupational injury. Tracking all injuries allow early recognition of injury risks, and therefore can lead to more effective prevention
Keywords
Construction; Construction-industry; Construction-workers; Employee-exposure; Employee-health; Surveillance-programs; Workplace-monitoring; Injuries; Demographic-characteristics; Clinical-diagnosis; Medical-treatment; Emergency-treatment; Accident-statistics; Epidemiology; First-aid; Lost-work-days; Recording-systems; Data-processing; Statistical-analysis; Statistical-quality-control; Author Keywords: construction industry; lost workdays; OSHA recordable injury; occupational health
Contact
Laura S.Welch, Center to Protect Workers Rights, 8484 Georgia Ave., Silver Spring, MD 20910
CODEN
AJIMD8
Publication Date
20030801
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
lwelch@cpwr.com
Funding Amount
2937066
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2003
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-CCU-306169
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
0271-3586
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
MD; DC
Performing Organization
Center to Protect Workers' Rights, Washington, DC
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