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Acute illness epidemic, West Bank--Jerusalem.

Authors
NIOSH
Source
JAMA J Am Med Assoc 1983 May; 249(19):2617/2620
NIOSHTIC No.
20040965
Abstract
The Centers for Disease Control received a request through the US Department of State to provide physicians to investigate a health problem on the West Bank. The following are the findings. From March 21 to April 3, 943 cases of an acute, non-fatal illness characterized by headache, dizziness, photophobia, blurred vision, abdominal pain, myalgia, weakness, difficulty breathing, fainting, mydriasis, and peripheral cyanosis occurred throughout the West Bank. Six hundred and sixty (70%) of the patients were school girls between the ages of 12 and 17 years. Clinical, epidemiologic, and toxicologie analyses indicated the illness was of psychogenic origin, induced by stress. The outbreak, which began at a girls' secondary school, may have been triggered by the odor of low concentrations of hydrogen sulfide gas near the school.
Keywords
Epidemiology; Psychological-effects; Psychological-stress; Psychophysiology; Gases; Neurological-reactions
CODEN
JAMAAP
CAS No.
7783-06-4
Publication Date
19830520
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
1983
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
19
ISSN
0098-7484
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Source Name
Journal of the American Medical Association
State
OH
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