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Type and toxicity of pesticides sold for community vector control use in the Gambia.

Authors
Murphy-MW; Sanderson-WT; Birch-ME; Liang-F; Sanyang-E; Canteh-M; Cook-TM; Murphy-SC
Source
Epidemiol Res Int 2012 Jun; 2012:387603
NIOSHTIC No.
20040863
Abstract
Objectives. The objective of this study was to identify the types of pesticides in circulation at local markets in The Gambia and to determine the proportion of products that were sold as unlabeled pesticides. Methods. One hundred twenty-eight samples sold as pesticides were collected from four local markets throughout The Gambia. Pesticides in the samples were identified by gas chromatography with mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Findings. Of the 128 samples collected, 115 were unlabeled. Pesticide components in 111 of those unlabeled samples were identified. Approximately 28% of these samples that contained pesticides are banned or restricted in the United States, and about 16% was classified as hazardous by WHO. Conclusions. Based on results for 128 samples, a significant percentage of the pesticide products sold at local markets in The Gambia in 2005 are considered extremely hazardous.
Keywords
Pesticides; Pesticides-and-agricultural-chemicals; Agriculture; Farmers; Risk-factors; Hazardous-materials; Hazards; Poisons; Diseases; Disease-vectors; Exposure-levels; Exposure-limits; Epidemiology
Contact
M.W.Murphy, Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242
Publication Date
20120601
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
mmurphy@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2012
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
B06202012
ISSN
2090-2972
NIOSH Division
DART
Priority Area
Services: Public Safety
Source Name
Epidemiology Research International
State
IA; KY; OH
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