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Preventing falls from ladders in construction: a guide to training site supervisors.

Perry-MJ; Ronk-CJ
Silver Spring, MD: CPWR-The Center for Construction Research and Training, 2010 Jan; :1-38
About This Manual: This manual has two objectives. The first is to describe how the Ladder Safety Study was conducted and to present the results. The second is to provide the Intervention Program content and supporting materials as a guide for safety practitioners who would like to conduct an effective ladder-training session. Ladder Safety Rationale: The goal of this study was to reduce the incidence of falls from portable construction ladders. The project built on prior and ongoing surveillance efforts on ladder-related injuries by moving the research into the development and evaluation of interventions. There are still many unknowns about falls in construction, and the most effective approaches to preventing falls from ladders are not yet clear. We conducted a two-stage study undertaking preintervention research to develop an intervention plan based on sound scientific evidence and following it by implementing a program to evaluate both its feasibility and success in increasing knowledge and safety behaviors. Focus on Ladders and Superintendents: Our focus on ladders was intended to be a highly directed approach targeting a well-known source of falls. Including a specific focus on step ladders addressed a commonly overlooked special context for injury. Both worksites and workers were intervention targets; however, our primary aim was to not employ the usual "change the worker" approach to injury prevention but rather to target work-specific and jobsite-specific contexts that can increase risk of falls. Because superintendents exert major influences over their worksites, we assumed that increasing their knowledge and changing their attitudes and risk perceptions would also have an impact on their workers. The superintendents would serve as positive models for safety behavior and high-risk ladder work substitution.
Construction; Construction-industry; Construction-workers; Construction-equipment; Ladders; Step-ladders; Training; Supervisory-personnel; Safety-education; Safety-research; Fall-protection; Work-practices; Injury-prevention; Accident-potential; Accident-prevention; Behavior; Risk-factors; Attitude; Height-factors
Melissa J. Perry, ScD, MHS, Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health, 665 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115
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Book or book chapter
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Construction; Cooperative Agreement
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Preventing falls from ladders in construction: a guide to training site supervisors
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CPWR-The Center for Construction Research and Training, Silver Spring, Maryland