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Iowa certified nursing assistants study: self-reported ratings of the nursing home work environment.

Authors
Culp-K; Ramey-S; Karlman-S
Source
Res Gerontol Nurs 2008 Apr; 1(2):87-96
NIOSHTIC No.
20040616
Abstract
Certified nursing assistants (CNAs) are the principal bedside caregivers in nursing homes, yet little is known about their perceptions of the work environment. This population-based, cross-sectional study used a mailed questionnaire to a random sample of Iowa CNAs (N=584), representing 166 nursing homes. Of the respondents, 88.5% (n=517) were currently employed in long-term care settings; however, 11.5% (n=67) indicated they had left their jobs. When CNA responses were compared with those of other occupational groups, general workers reported higher scores on involvement, coworker cohesion, work pressure, and supervisor support. Those who left their CNA jobs rated their work environment as characteristic of excessive managerial control and task orientation. Results of this study emphasize the importance of the relationship between CNAs and their supervisors, CNAs' need for greater autonomy and innovation, and the need for the work environment to change dramatically in the area of human resource management.
Keywords
Nursing; Nurses; Humans; Men; Women; Medical-services; Medical-personnel; Medical-facilities; Medical-care; Questionnaires; Education; Statistical-analysis; Psychology; Workers
Contact
Kennith Culp, PhD, RN, FAAN, College of Nursing, University of Iowa, 50 Newton Rd, Iowa City, IA 52241
Publication Date
20080401
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
ken-culp@uiowa.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2008
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-T42-OH-008491
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
1940-4921
Source Name
Research In Gerontological Nursing
State
IA
Performing Organization
University of Iowa
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