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Computational analyses of CO-rebreathing methods for estimating haemoglobin mass in humans.

Authors
Chada-KE; Bruce-EN
Source
Exp Physiol 2012 Jan; 97(1):141-154
NIOSHTIC No.
20040442
Abstract
Measurement of haemoglobin mass (M(Hb)) is used to quantify alterations in oxygen delivery during exercise training or acclimatization to altitude. Uptake of carbon monoxide by haemoglobin is the basis of the common non-radioactive methods to determine M(Hb) in humans. This study used a validated mathematical model to simulate CO uptake during rebreathing protocols and to determine sources of errors in estimation of M(Hb). Our previously published model was validated using experimentally measured carboxyhaemoglobin levels (%HbCO) from arterial, capillary and venous blood sites of human subjects during CO-rebreathing protocols. This model was then used to simulate various CO-rebreathing protocols in 24 human subjects with known M(Hb). Using variables generated by the model, M(Hb) was estimated on the basis of assumptions typically made for calculating the volume of CO bound to myoglobin, the volume of CO exhaled and the volume of CO in the rebreathing system. It was found that inaccurate estimation of the volume of CO bound to myoglobin was the major source of error in determination of M(Hb). Additionally, the size of the error was found to depend on the site of blood sampling because of differences in %HbCO. Regression equations were developed to improve the estimation of volume of CO bound to myoglobin, and a new protocol that is less dependent on the site of blood sampling is proposed.
Keywords
Breathing; Physical-exercise; Carbonyls; Humans; Men; Women; Mathematical-models; Oxygen-uptake; Blood-analysis; Blood-tests; Blood-samples; Blood-gas-analysis
CODEN
EXPHEZ
CAS No.
630-08-0
Publication Date
20120101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
ebruce@uky.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2012
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-008651; B03142012
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
0958-0670
Source Name
Experimental Physiology
State
KY
Performing Organization
University of Kentucky
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