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Fatal exposure to methylene chloride among bathtub refinishers - United States, 2000-2011.

Authors
Chester-D; Rosenman-KD; Grimes-GR; Fagan-K; Castillo-DN
Source
MMWR 2012 Feb; 61(7):119-122
NIOSHTIC No.
20040367
Abstract
In 2010, the Michigan Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation program conducted an investigation into the death of a bathtub refinisher who used a methylene chloride-based paint stripping product marketed for use in aircraft maintenance. The program identified two earlier, similar deaths in Michigan. Program staff members notified CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), which in turn notified the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). In addition to the three deaths, OSHA identified 10 other bathtub refinisher fatalities associated with methylene chloride stripping agents that had been investigated in nine states during 2000-2011. Each death occurred in a residential bathroom with inadequate ventilation. Protective equipment, including a respirator, either was not used or was inadequate to protect against methylene chloride vapor, which has been recognized as potentially fatal to furniture strippers and factory workers, but has not been reported previously as a cause of death among bathtub refinishers. Worker safety agencies, public health agencies, methylene chloride-based stripper manufacturers, and trade organizations should communicate the extreme hazards of using methylene chloride-based stripping products in bathtub refinishing to employers, workers, and consumers. Employers should strongly consider alternative methods of bathtub stripping and always ensure worker safety protections that reduce the risk for health hazards to acceptable levels. Employers choosing to use methylene chloride-based stripping products must comply with OSHA's standard to limit methylene chloride exposures to safe levels.
Keywords
Employee-exposure; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Methyl-compounds; Paint-removers; Chemical-cleaning; Ventilation; Vapor-volume; Vapors; Toxic-dose; Toxic-vapors; Furniture-repair; Furniture-workers; Hazardous-materials; Health-hazards; Safety-education; Safety-measures; Surveillance
CODEN
MMWRB6
CAS No.
75-09-2
Publication Date
20120224
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
rosenman@msu.edu
Fiscal Year
2012
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
B02292012
Issue of Publication
7
ISSN
0892-3787
NIOSH Division
DSR
Source Name
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
State
MI; MD; WV
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