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Predictability of acute radiation injury severity.

Authors
Azizova-TV; Osovets-SV; Day-RD; Druzhinina-MB; Sumina-MV; Pesternikova-VS; Teplyakov-II; Zhang-A; Kuniak-M; Vasilenko-EK; Wald-N; Slaughter-DM; Okladnikova-ND; Schall-LC
Source
Health Phys 2008 Mar; 94(3):255-263
NIOSHTIC No.
20040320
Abstract
Results of dose-response analyses for different clinical symptoms of acute radiation syndrome (ARS) are reported here. The analyses were performed on dosimetric and clinical data from a group of ARS patients (59 cases) exposed to gamma and neutron or gamma radiation alone due to nuclear accidents at Mayak Production Association (Mayak PA). Findings suggested the possibility of prediction of injury severity within the first hours or days after acute exposure based on clinical symptoms and signs such as the onset of vomiting, neutrophil count abnormalities in the peripheral blood within the first 2-3 hours after acute exposure, and lymphocyte count abnormalities in the peripheral blood within the first 24-48 h after acute exposure.
Keywords
Surveillance-programs; Radiation; Radiation-effects; Radiation-monitoring; Dosimetry; Injuries; Biological-effects; Nuclear-radiation; Nuclear-hazards; Employee-exposure; Ionizing-radiation; Acute-exposure; Acute-radiation-syndrome; Accidents; Dose-response; Clinical-diagnosis; Clinical-symptoms; Clinical-tests; Author Keywords: accidents; nuclear; dose assessment; exposure; radiation; health effects
Contact
Tamara V. Azizova, Southern Urals Biophysics Institute, 19 Ozyorskoe shosse, Ozyorsk, Chelyabinsk region, 456780, Russia
CODEN
HLTPAO
Publication Date
20080301
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
clinic@ozersk.com
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2008
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-007866; Grant-Number-R01-CCR-312952
Issue of Publication
3
ISSN
0017-9078
Source Name
Health Physics
State
PA; CA
Performing Organization
University of Pittsburgh at Pittsburgh
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