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A qualitative investigation of Hispanic construction worker perspectives on factors impacting worksite safety and risk.

Authors
Roelofs-C; Sprague-Martinez-L; Brunette-M; Azaroff-L
Source
Environ Health Glob Access Sci Source 2011 Sep; 10:84
NIOSHTIC No.
20040283
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Hispanic workers have higher rates of injury and death on construction worksites than workers of other ethnicities. Language barriers and cultural differences have been hypothesized as reasons behind the disparate rates. METHODS: We conducted two series of focus groups with union and non-union Hispanic construction workers to ask them about their perceptions of the causes for the unequal rates. Spanish transcripts were translated and coded in QSR NVivo software for common themes. RESULTS: Workers reported a difficult work environment characterized by supervisor pressure, competition for jobs and intimidation with regard to raising safety concerns. Language barriers or cultural factors were not strongly represented as causative factors behind the rates. CONCLUSION: The results of this study have informed the development of an intervention trial that seeks to prevent falls and silica dust exposure by training contractors employing Hispanic construction workers in the elements of safety leadership, including building respect for their Hispanic workers and facilitating their participation in a safety program.
Keywords
Sociological-factors; Construction-industry; Construction-workers; Injuries; Traumatic-injuries; Morbidity-rates; Mortality-rates; Workers; Humans; Men; Women; Work-areas; Work-environment; Personal-protective-equipment; Silica-dusts; Fall-protection
Contact
Cora Roelofs, Department of Work Environment, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, MA 01854
CAS No.
7631-86-9; 14808-60-7
Publication Date
20110930
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
Cora_Roelofs@uml.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2011
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-008750
ISSN
1476-069X
Source Name
Environmental Health: A Global Access Science Source
State
MA
Performing Organization
University of Massachusetts Lowell
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